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Lasik Eye Treatment

What is LASIK eye surgery?

LASIK is a treatment method that eliminates refractive errors such as myopia, hyperopia or astigmatism with excimer laser, an advanced and reliable technology. In LASIK treatment, a thin corneal flap is opened from the corneal layer of the eye with the help of a special automatic device called a microkeratome. After opening the flap, the refractive error is corrected under the guidance of a computer program with an excimer laser and the flap is folded back.

1

Who is LASIK eye surgery used on?


People who are older than 18 years and who have not changed their glasses prescription in the last year are suitable for LASIK treatment.

LASIK laser surgery can be used on people with myopia up to -10 dioptres, hyperopia up to +5 dioptres and astigmatism up to -6 dioptres.

LASIK can be used on people with the appropriate pupil size, corneal thickness, intraocular pressure and ocular structure, according to the results of the detailed examination carried out before the operation.

2

Who can't have LASIK surgery?


People whose corneal thickness is not suitable for an operation,
People with a structural disorder called keratoconus in the cornea,
People with cataracts,
People with severe dry eye disease or pressure in the eye (glaucoma)
People with uncontrolled diabetes,
People with rheumatic diseases,
HIV positive patients
Pregnant and breastfeeding women,

cannot undergo LASIK treatment.

3

Is the LASIK laser method safe?


The LASIK method is one of the most widely used laser methods worldwide. The success rate in treating poor eyesight such as myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism is quite high.

The effect of laser beams occurs only in a certain area of the cornea and does not affect the retina or the nerves in the fundus. In the latest technology, complication rates are very low at less than 1%. Among the very rare complications, there are no serious problems such as loss of vision.

4

What should be considered before the LASIK operation?


Use of contact lenses: Depending on the type of lens used, soft lenses should be removed at least one week and hard lenses at least two weeks beforehand.

If the patient has symptoms such as sleeping sand and stinging in the eye before the planned operation, the doctor should be informed.

If there are medications that are taken for a long period of time and that can affect the eye, the doctor should be informed and, if necessary, the use should be discontinued.

5

Femto LASIK eye surgery operation day


Make-up, perfume, deodorant, and cream should not be used on the day of surgery. You should not be sober before the operation.

A light meal should be eaten.

6

Femto LASIK surgical process


Mild sedatives will be given 30 minutes beforehand to ease the excitement of the operation.


- First of all, the eye is numbed with anesthetic drops. Thus, the patient does not feel any pain during the procedure.
- To keep the eyes open during the operation, a device called a retractor is attached and separates the eyelids.
- A thin flap is opened on the cornea with an automatic device (microkeratome).

- After the flap has been opened, the refractive error in the eye is corrected by processing with an excimer laser.

- The opened flap is closed again on the corneal surface and the operation is completed.
- Drops of antibiotics are placed in the eye and the device holding the eyelids open is removed.
- The procedure takes 10-15 minutes for both eyes.

7

What are the early postoperative symptoms and what should be considered?


- Symptoms such as pressure, stinging, oozing, blurred vision and dry eyes can occur in the first few hours after the operation and are normal.

- Safety glasses are worn on the first day after the operation to protect the eyes.
- Early symptoms decrease after 6 hours and are expected to last up to 3 days. In this process, drops and pain relievers administered by the doctor should be used regularly and as recommended.
- Do not touch or rub your eyes with your hands for the first 24 hours. It shouldn't be showered

8

Return to everyday life after Lasik eye surgery operation


After the first 24 hours, you can return to normal life, get on a plane and return to work.

However, eye makeup is not recommended for the first week.

Sports activities such as hiking, cycling and aerobics can be performed after 24 hours. However, team sports such as basketball, soccer, tennis, boxing, and swimming, which can damage the eyes, should be avoided for 20 days.

To protect the eye from infection, you should not go to the swimming pool, the sea or the sauna for at least 20 days.

Routine exams should not be interrupted.

In the postoperative period, vision may be blurred in one or both eyes.

100% clear vision can be expected within 3 months. At a rate of 2%, vision loss of 0.50 diopters can occur. If after three months the vision is still blurred, a doctor should be consulted.

9

What problems and complications can arise after LASIK laser surgery?


LASIK, albeit at a low rate, has some potential risks and complications like other types of surgery.

In general, the complication rates are very low, like any other surgical operation, infection can occur, but this situation can be treated with medication in a short time.

The full recovery process after LASIK surgery takes 4 to 6 months. During this time, dry eyes and associated burning, stinging and blurred vision may occur. These discomforts are improved with the use of eye drops.

Problems such as visual impairment, glare or distorted vision can occur in the dark environment after the operation. There are no problems with seeing in a bright environment. As a result, it can be difficult to drive at night. When the healing process is complete, these discomforts decrease and go away. Apart from that, a very low rate of allergic reactions can be observed. Slight diopters can remain.

10

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the LASIK laser?


The desired success rate of 98% is achieved after a LASIK operation. As a result, there is no need to wear glasses and lenses, making the person more comfortable in sports and social life. No bandages need to be used after the LASIK operation.

The healing process is very quick and eyesight generally improves within 24 hours.

The LASIK operation is not an obstacle for cataract and similar operations in the eye.

In rare cases, high diopter treatments may remain light diopter.

In very rare cases, glasses and contact lenses can still be worn for good vision. This is the disadvantage of the operation, but in such cases there is an opportunity to correct the poor eyesight with a second operation.